High Priest in Old and New Testament

High Priest in Old Testament

  • 81 High Priest
  • 1st: Aaron
  • 81th: Caiaphas
  • They had 81 High Priest because everyone died
  • Priesthood of Levi they die
  • Levi Priesthood might fail

Blessing for the people depends on how good the High Priest is

High Priest in New Testament

  • Priesthood of Melchizedek don’t die, So Priesthood of Jesus is of the order of Melchizedek
  • This Priesthood lives for ever
  • Jesus Priesthood never fails
  • Jesus always accepted before God
  • You are always accepted before God
  • Blessings always comes out of the mouth of Melchizedek

Why God chose Aaron rather than Moses as High Priest?

Answer

  • Aaron was suffering with the people when Israelites were slaves in Egypt
    • Aaron knows the pain people go through
    • Aaron understands the pain people go through
    • Aaron can feel the pain people go through
  • Moses was in the palace when Israelites were slaves in Egypt
    • Moses doesn’t know or understands or feels the pain people go through

Jesus our High Priest now

Jesus qualified himself to be a High Priest by going through all sufferings which we go through

Hebrews 4:15
New King James Version (NKJV)

15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.

  • Jesus became our High Priest.
  • Jesus dwelt among us
  • Jesus knows our pain
  • Jesus knows our sorrow we go through
  • Jesus was tested

Why Jesus High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek”?

Jesus High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek”

Hebrews 5:10
New King James Version (NKJV)

10 called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,”

Hebrews 7:17
New King James Version (NKJV)

17 For He testifies:

“You are a priest forever
According to the order of Melchizedek.”*

*Psalm 110:4

Why not “according to the order of Levi” ?

  • Levi Priest Hood had 81 High Priests starting from Aaron to Caiaphas. All died.
  • Levi Priest Hood fails

Melchizedek Priest Hood

  • Only blessings came from the mouth of Melchizedek
  • No mention of the death of Melchizedek in Bible
  • Everlasting Priest Hood.
  • Jesus is the High Priest forever
  • Jesus Priesthood never fails

Blessing for the people depends on how good the High Priest is

  • Jesus is our High Priest.
  • Jesus always accepted before God
  • You are always accepted before God