High Priest in Old and New Testament

High Priest in Old Testament

  • 81 High Priest
  • 1st: Aaron
  • 81th: Caiaphas
  • They had 81 High Priest because everyone died
  • Priesthood of Levi they die
  • Levi Priesthood might fail

Blessing for the people depends on how good the High Priest is

High Priest in New Testament

  • Priesthood of Melchizedek don’t die, So Priesthood of Jesus is of the order of Melchizedek
  • This Priesthood lives for ever
  • Jesus Priesthood never fails
  • Jesus always accepted before God
  • You are always accepted before God
  • Blessings always comes out of the mouth of Melchizedek

Why God chose Aaron rather than Moses as High Priest?

Answer

  • Aaron was suffering with the people when Israelites were slaves in Egypt
    • Aaron knows the pain people go through
    • Aaron understands the pain people go through
    • Aaron can feel the pain people go through
  • Moses was in the palace when Israelites were slaves in Egypt
    • Moses doesn’t know or understands or feels the pain people go through

Jesus our High Priest now

Jesus qualified himself to be a High Priest by going through all sufferings which we go through

Hebrews 4:15
New King James Version (NKJV)

15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin.

  • Jesus became our High Priest.
  • Jesus dwelt among us
  • Jesus knows our pain
  • Jesus knows our sorrow we go through
  • Jesus was tested

Why Jesus High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek”?

Jesus High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek”

Hebrews 5:10
New King James Version (NKJV)

10 called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,”

Hebrews 7:17
New King James Version (NKJV)

17 For He testifies:

“You are a priest forever
According to the order of Melchizedek.”*

*Psalm 110:4

Why not “according to the order of Levi” ?

  • Levi Priest Hood had 81 High Priests starting from Aaron to Caiaphas. All died.
  • Levi Priest Hood fails

Melchizedek Priest Hood

  • Only blessings came from the mouth of Melchizedek
  • No mention of the death of Melchizedek in Bible
  • Everlasting Priest Hood.
  • Jesus is the High Priest forever
  • Jesus Priesthood never fails

Blessing for the people depends on how good the High Priest is

  • Jesus is our High Priest.
  • Jesus always accepted before God
  • You are always accepted before God

They shall NEVER perish

John 10:28-30
New King James Version (NKJV)

 

28 And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father’s hand. 30 I and My Father are one.”

never means NEVER

Jesus loved them to the end

John 13:1
New King James Version (NKJV)

13 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.